What is stuttering?
Research in recent years has found no clear, universal cause. There seems to be a variety of different factors that are different for each person. Recent research shows that stuttering is also a neurophysiologically caused coordination disorder with false, highly automated speech patterns. The coordination disorder can also be seen in the fine motor processes. The anxiety level of stutterers in real stress situations was also measured. In comparison to the "normal speaker", this level can be seen in a serious difference.
Stuttering is a comprehensive communication disorder that occurs in all age groups. The stuttering symptomatology reaches far up to unphysiological movements. Linguistic competence is equated with social competence and disturbances in communication lead to disturbances in interpersonal relationships.
Stuttering has been observed for centuries all over the world and in all languages. Already in the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics it was believed to have found a first representation for the word "stuttering". And although the phenomenon of stuttering has accompanied us for so long, there is virtually no lobby for those affected. Stuttering children are already rejected in primary school, teased to bullied, mimicked to devalued/injured. This concatenation of stuttering with such disadvantageous consequences often results not only from the ignorance of teachers, parents and classmates, but also from the ignorance of the stutterers themselves. Experiencing "being different" leads to behavioural problems, avoidance behaviour with social withdrawal, a lack of self-esteem, depression and fears. Personality development is lastingly impaired. The resulting psychosocial stress can even lead to so-called social phobia due to the reactions of the environment.
Stuttering affects about 1% of the world's population, i.e. about 800,000 adult stutterers in Germany. Children are more severely affected with 3-5 %. The great importance of stuttering is derived from the great importance of communication, because it dominates our lives. Every day, across all age groups and in many different situations, we are challenged to express ourselves linguistically. It begins in the kindergarten in the morning chair circle and continues later in the school, by the associated necessity of various communications. For many stuttering children this daily speech pressure is very exhausting. In addition, there are environmental reactions to stuttering, which are often more or less negative.
What began as stuttering ultimately has a profound impact on one's entire life.